IRRC No. 872

Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities under International Humanitarian Law

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The present document resulted from an expert process initiated and conducted by the ICRC in close cooperation with the TMC Asser Institute in The Hague. Dr. Nils Melzer, Legal Adviser at the ICRC, who has been responsible for the expert process since 2004, is the author of the Interpretive Guidance and most background documents and expert meeting reports produced during the process. The ICRC would like to express its gratitude to the experts, all of whom participated in the expert meetings in their personal capacity.

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