IRRC No. 876

Armed violence in fragile states: Low-intensity conflicts, spillover conflicts, and sporadic law enforcement operations by third parties

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The process of state failure is commonly accompanied by armed violence, which generally oscillates around the level required to trigger the application of IHL and has cross-border spillover effects. This article examines the specific issues raised by qualification of armed violence in fragile states - in particular, the application of IHL to sporadic law enforcement operations by third parties.

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